Erawan Waterfall (Nam tok Erawan)

Erawan National Park, Kanchanaburi, Thailand

About Erawan Waterfall (Nam tok Erawan)

Hiking Distance: 3.5km round trip; scrambling
Suggested Time: 3-3.5 hours

Date first visited: 2008-12-25
Date last visited: 2008-12-25

Waterfall Latitude: 14.36841
Waterfall Longitude: 99.14423

Waterfall Safety and Common Sense

The Erawan Waterfall was really an impressive series of seven waterfalls each with a shape and character all its own. All the waterfalls typically fell over limestone cliffs resulting in colorful plunge pools as well as interestingly rounded rock formations reminiscent of something that would belong in a cave. Moreover, we also saw some unsigned waterfalls that seemed legitimate but didn’t appear to count towards the seven.

In any case, we thought this waterfall had it all – the scenery, the swimming, and the exercise. It was no wonder why it was popular and quite busy here. Of course, given how typically hot it was in this part of Thailand, I guess the swimming or playing in the many plunge pools of beneath these waterfalls were enticing as well as scenically alluring. It seemed like this waterfall epitomized the universal appeal of swimming beneath waterfalls in the typically humid tropical climate.

From the car park, the trail started off flat and mostly paved as it ultimately reached the first waterfall, which was called Ly Kung Lung (I also saw it spelled Hlai Keun Lung). A sign indicated that it was only a 20m walk from the visitor center area. Believe it or not, it was possible to bypass this section of walking by taking a tram to that visitor center area. We didn’t do the tram option as we thought it was a little overkill.

Fish swimming before the first waterfall
This waterfall didn’t seem to have many swimmers though there were a handful of people scrambling around for a closer look. And maybe the lack of people in the water here might have been a big reason why we saw lots of fish in the travertine pools further downstream of the falls. In fact, I couldn’t remember the last time we had seen so much fish before a waterfall in any of our waterfalling excursions. And the travertine pools really reminded me of Havasu Falls.

Yet we weren’t totally sure why there were fewer people swimming at this waterfall given how pretty it was and how there was the presence of travertine pools. Since we didn’t take a dip ourselves, we couldn’t tell you ourselves whether there was something off about the pool at this falls.

A short distance later (170m from the visitor center), the activity picked up and there were lots of people swimming, wading, and even scrambling into a small alcove behind the second waterfall (see photo at the top of this page). We thought this waterfall was one of the more scenic ones given its unusual rounded underlying limestone over which the water flowed. According to the signs here, this falls was called Wung Macha.

Given how pretty the falls was, it was no wonder why there was such bustle of activity. We had a good time taking photos from here while also chilling out and basking in the atmosphere of the scene. Come to think of it, perhaps the first waterfall might have been a perfectly fine swimming hole, but the second waterfall completely overshadowed it thereby causing it to become a victim of the lemmings effect.

People playing at some cascades below the 2nd waterfall
After having our fill of the second waterfall (I recalled we spent quite a bit of time here), we finally started the race against time and climbed up to the waterfalls further ahead. It was a race against time because the park was said to close at 4:30pm with the last admissions at 4pm. We started hiking at 1:30pm.

On the way up, we were stopped at a check point where we had to register with the authorities there. In addition, I recalled having to leave some kind of collateral (a Thai baht deposit I believe) in exchange for the plastic water bottles we were carrying with us. Perhaps the thought was that the deposit would cover the potential clean-up costs in case the plastic was left behind.

I thought it was a good system (to minimize the amount of litter in the ecologically sensitive areas) though they probably should’ve charge a little more money to really make it attractive to bring the water bottles back here and get back the desposit.

It took a few more minutes of uphill hiking before we finally encountered the third Erawan Waterfall, which was called Pha Num tok (or Pha Nom Tok) and 220m from the visitor center. And like the first waterfall, this one also had lots of fish swimming in its plunge pool because most of the people chilled out at the second waterfall. However, this one was significantly taller than the first two (possibly 20-25m I think) though not nearly as wide.

The third waterfall with fish in the plunge pool
Adding to the scenic allure of this waterfall was the colorful blue-green water of the plunge pool keeping us from getting all the way to the falls without swimming. It was up there with the 2nd waterfall as one of our favorites in the lot.

Further up the hike, the fourth Erawan Waterfall was more of a water slide. It also had a larger drop further downstream, but it was hard to see. We saw one person scoot himself on the rounded rock of the waterslide before finally letting gravity take over. This falls was called Oke Nank Phee Seah, and it was about 520m from the visitor center.

Continuing beyond the fourth waterfall, the trail became a little less steep as it followed the watercourse responsible for all the Erawan Waterfalls. Along the way, we noticed quite a few trees wrapped around with prayer flags as well as colorful silk-like garments. Our guide said that these were meant to have religious significance while also doubling as informal trail markers.

The 5th waterfall (called Bua Mai Long and 1.12km from the visitor center) was just another set of small cascades set amongst limestone with lots of travertine pools in the area. Given the relative calm and accessibility of these smaller travertine pools, we saw a handful of people swimming and chilling out here. Since it definitely lacked the amount of activity of the 2nd waterfall (probably due to the increased amount of exertion to get here), we could understand why this spot was a good alternative swimming hole to the second falls.

Prayer garments tied around a tree fronting the start of the fifth Erawan Waterfall
The trail got increasingly a little rougher beyond the 5th waterfall as there started to be some sections requiring ladders while the trail narrowed even more. Some sections of the trail (becoming more like a scramble) required a fair bit of stream walking.

Contrasting the drama of the more primitive hiking conditions, we did spot a few more unnamed or “unofficial” waterfalls en route, which seemed to be even more naturesque than before. But ultimately, this fairly immersive part of the hike terminated at the sixth waterfall, which was a wide multitiered cascade with some lower tiers. This waterfall was called Dong Prouck Sa, and it was 1.42km from the visitor center.

The plunge pool beneath the sixth falls had a nice color, which I’d imagine would’ve been even more vibrant had the sun been out. Unfortunately for us, the sun hid behind the clouds when we finally made it up to this part of the hike.

The trail got increasingly wet and less defined the higher up we went
Continuing further upstream, it seemed like we were close enough to the seventh waterfall that the sixth waterfall could’ve been thought of as the base of the seventh falls. The signs indicated that it was still 300m beyond the sixth waterfall. Yet to get to that last waterfall, we had to earn it as that last stretch of trail was even more adventurous than before.

This part of the trail involved more stream walking, more rickety ladders, and even a few narrow and drop-off-exposed sections. The drop-offs weren’t tall enough to induce butterflies in our stomachs, but they were enough to cause injury with a slip and fall. It didn’t seem like there were many people willing to go through the effort to go all the way here, but the relative peace and quiet from making it all the way here really made the exertion worth it.

When we finally made it up to the end of the trail, we were presented with a view of the last waterfall, which was called Phu Pha Erawan. During our visit, we only saw its lower sections flow. There was supposed to be three upper segments coming down over a rounded limestone precipite that would’ve given the falls the appearance that there were three elephant trunks.

Here’s a sign showing what Erawan looked like, which was supposed to be how the 7th waterfall was to resemble in full flow
Perhaps this was how the entire waterfall system got the name Erawan, which was a three-headed Hindu God where each head resembled that of an elephant’s head. Unfortunately, our guide told us that the full-flow state that would’ve revealed all three “trunks” hadn’t been witnessed in a while due to diminishing rainfall. Could this be a consequence of the global climate change and subsequent instability? In any case, it didn’t happen for us so we didn’t linger here much longer.

On the return hike going back the way we came, it went by much faster as it was all-downhill. However, we still had to go back through the scrambling paths and rickety ladders both between the fifth and seventh waterfalls. It wasn’t until we made it past the scrambling section that the hike was pretty smooth sailing for the most part.

When we got back to the second waterfall, Julie and I were quite surprised at how it seemed like there were even more people frolicking in the area. Wasn’t the park supposed to be closed? Nonetheless, this further made it apparent to us that while the Erawan Waterfalls were a popular attraction, it was really the second waterfall where the vast concentration of visitors remained.

Our visit to all seven of the Erawan Waterfalls took us about 3.5 hours. It very easily could’ve been longer if not for the fact that the park was closing during our trip, which hastened our pace. Although we were accompanied by our guide, it probably wasn’t necessary to do this hike with a guide since the entire trail was well-marked except for the very end (which we’ll get to why that was at further below).


The Erawan Waterfall sits in the Kanchanaburi (“kahn-CHAHN-uh-bur-ee”) Province. The falls is roughly 193km or 3 hours drive west of Bangkok. The falls seemed to be well-signposted, but since we were on an escorted tour, we can’t give exact directions.

We didn’t return to Bangkok after our visit. Instead, we stayed on one of the jungle rafts on the River Kwai near Sai Yok. This drive was said to be 68km or a little over an hour drive from the falls.

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Sweep from downstream to the falls showing fish swimming at the plunge pool

Sweep from bottom to top of the 2nd waterfall with some fish at the plunge pool

A guy hesitantly slides down waterfall #4

Sweep from top to bottom of waterfall #6 then to top of its downstream cascades

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Tagged with: erawan, national park, tha kradan, kanchanaburi, si sawat, thailand, waterfall, bangkok

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